Epsilon (AS level) Biology annual plan (Sudhir)

June

Introduction:

  • Overview of Physics in general
  • Discussion about the scientific process
  • Overview of topics to be covered

July

Microscopes

  • Optical microscopes
  • Confocal microscopes
  • Electron micsoscopes
  • Atomic Force Microscopes (AFMs)
  • Scanning Tunneling Microscopes (STMs)

August

Biomolecules

  • Carbohydrates
  • Lipids
  • Proteins
  • Water

Enzymes

  • Lock and key model
  • Induced fit model : conformation changes
  • Activation energy
  • Enzyme kinetics
  • Enzyme inhibition

September

Cells

  • Cell structure
  • Common features between plant cells and animal cells
  • Differences between plant and animal cells
  • Differences between prokaryotic and eukaryotic cells
  • Organelles
  • Tissues and organs

October

Transport across the cell membrane

  • lipids, micelles and lipid bilayers
  • Membrane structure
  • Transport mechanisms
  • Pinocytosis

Cell division

  • Chromosomes
  • Cell Ploidy
  • Mitosis
  • Meiosis
  • Cancer

November

Molecular genetics

  • DNA and RNA
  • DNA structure
  • RNA types and structure
  • Transcription
  • Translation

Transport in plants

  • Why transport?
  • Xylem and phloem
  • Transport of water
  • Transport of minerals
  • Transport of manufactured food.
  • Sieve tubes vs Xylem vessels

December

Gas exchange

  • Gas exchange in plants
  • Mechanisms in lower animals
  • Lungs
  • Smoking

January

Transport in Animals

  • mammalian cardiovascular system
  • transport in lower organisms
  • Lymph
  • Blood
  • How all hearts work
  • Mammalian heart
  • Cardiac cycle
  • Heartbeat control
  • Reading an ECG

February

Infectious diseases

  • Pathogens
  • Infection mechanisms
  • Quorum sensing
  • Cholera
  • Malaria
  • AIDS
  • TB
  • How antibiotics work

Immunity

  • Defence mechanisms
  • Targeted vs broad spectrum defence
  • Immune systems in different organisms
  • Cells of the mammalian immune system
  • Active and passive immunity
  • How vaccines work

March

Ecology

  • Energy flow
  • Matter recycling
  • Nitrogen cycle
  • Carbon cycle
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