12th Biology | annual plan - Sudhir

June

Energy and respiration

  • Energy requirements
  • ATP as energy currency
  • Overview of respiration
  • Aerobic and anaerobic respiration

July

Photosynthesis

  • Energy storage
  • Light dependent cycle
  • Light independent cycle
  • Leaf structure and function
  • Chloroplast structure and function
  • Factors affecting photosynthesis
  • Adaptations for photosynthesis

August

Homeostasis

  • Feedback and control
  • Excretion
  • Osmoregulation
  • Blood glucose regulation
  • Homeostasis in plants

September

Control and co-ordination

  • Response to stimuli
  • End effectors and control systems
  • Nervous communication
  • Hormonal communication
  • Central control
  • Control and regulation in plants

October

Inherited change

  • Chromosomes and gebes recap
  • Meiosis recap
  • Genotype to phenotype
  • Inheritance
  • Multiple alleles
  • Sex linked inheritance
  • Dihybrid crosses
  • Mutations
  • Chi squared tests
  • Effect of environment on phenotype
  • Gene control: lac operon

November

Selection and evolution

  • Variation
  • Artificial selection
  • Natural selection
  • Hardy-Weinberg principle
  • Darwin-Wallace theory of evolution
  • Speciation

Biodiversity

  • Recap on ecology
  • Biodiversity
  • Methods of measuring biodiversity
  • Spearman's rank correlation
  • Pearson's linear correlation
  • Simpson's index of diversity

December

Classification

  • Three domain classification
  • Five kingdom classification

Conservation

  • Factors affecting biodiversity
  • Endangered species
  • Methods of conservation

January

Genetic technology

  • PCR
  • Bioinformatics
  • Reombinant DNA technology
  • Genetic screening
  • Gene therapy
  • DNA testing
  • Ethical considerations
  • GM crops
  • Social and ethical implications of GM crops

February

Reproduction

  • Gametogenesis
  • Menstrual cycle
  • Hormonal effects
  • Early development
  • Birth control
  • IVF and embryo transfer
  • Sexually transmitted diseases

Exam orientation

March

Revision and exams

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