8 Physics Universe


Jul 14 - Jul 28 (2 weeks)

Instructional Objective

  • The sun - some simple facts about it - the names of the nine planets, in correct order.
  • Natural satellites - the moon and its phases - tides.
  • Galaxy, constellations, comets, meteors, meteorites - in brief.
  • Eclipses of sun and moon.
  • Artificial satellites and their uses.
  • Space exploration.
  • Origin of universe and evolution of stars - in brief

Teaching processes

  • Start with earth as one of the planets which is revolving around the sun. Talk about the favourable conditions which supports life on earth.
  • Stories of discovering different planets and their moons.
  • Describe the general structure of the solar system
  • Multiple solar systems form a galaxy.
  • Organization of the visible stars into constellations, in order to make it easier to idetify stars.
  • Discussion about other heavenly bodies such as comets, meteors, meteorites etc.
  • Making them understand day and night as a consequence of earth’s rotation about its own axis.
  • Discussion about earth - moon system. Phases of the moon.
  • Explaining solar eclipse, lunar eclipse and transit of planets.
  • Importance of space exploration.
  • Ending with the origin of universe

References and suggested reading

Support materials and special need modification

  • Simple worksheets
  • Familiarizing with new terms by making a mind map


  • Demonstration of day and night on the earth using a globe and a lamp
  • Demonstration of phases of moon using lamp and balls (as earth and moon)
  • Star-gazing

Assignments and evaluation

  • Answering worksheets/ textbook questions.
  • Conducting written test/quiz.
  • Encouraging students to answer some challenging questions. (i will either upload or submit a hardcopy)

Self reflection

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